On May 13, 2017, Industrial Systems Planning and Optimization Laboratory, which is one of the laboratories with industry expertise and techno economic group from ITB Industrial Engineering Study Program, conducted LANDSCAPE 2018 Seminar.
“Many predict that in eight years, there will be various types of jobs that do not currently exist.” That was the remarks from the Rector of ITB, Prof. Dr. Kadarsah Suryadi in front of about 150 participants at the opening of LANDSCAPE 2017: “Leveraging Indonesia Industry Toward Industry 4.0” held by Industrial Planning and Optimization Laboratory (LPOSI) in East Hall, on Saturday, May 13, 2017.
What was delivered by Prof. Kadarsah represents the motivation of LPOSI to hold this seminar. A few years before, it was unimaginable to emerge an internet-based online transport mode and apps that currently dominate the market. Currently, similar businesses breed like mushrooms in the rainy season, from e-commerce, catering, to the search for construction workers.
This phenomenon by experts is often referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, which underlies the name “industry 4.0”. As part of the Prodi Teknik Industri, this seminar is an effort of LPOSI to raise public awareness of this. Furthermore, LPOSI is part of the Group of Expertise of Industrial Systems and Techno Economics (KK SITE), a discipline that one of the study levels is the industrial sector. So it is expected to appear studies of academic institutions to prepare Indonesia in the face of “industry 4.0”.
Session 1 – “Industry 4.0 and Its Application in Other Country”
Speakers at the first session were Prof. Shou-Yan Chou, Ph.D., National Taiwan University of Science and Technology. Prof. Chou is one of the leading experts in this field with a worldwide reputation, who has given many lectures in various countries.
Industry 4.0 is an industry that is present not only driven by the development of an industry internally but also based on the industrial revolution. In this fourth industrial revolution, there is an evolution of a connection that one of them is the internet. All things move in terms of data and how to deliver products in accordance with the needs and desires of consumers through a system that automated with decentralization.
It should be stressed that industry 4.0 will encourage production with a standard that will in turn force improvements in service quality, index improvements, efficiency in facilities and operations to even distribution of GDP. In addition, industry 4.0 also suppresses decision times, development and production cycles, lowers energy levels to the frequency and time of system dismissal.
Session 2 – “Current and Future State of Indonesia Industry”
The 2nd session speaker was Frans Mandeko, Business Development Manager of PT Dharma Precision Tools who became the main supplier of the automotive industry in Indonesia. The topic of Frans is similar to Prof. Chou, but from the applicative side.
Frans explains the significant differences between the phases of the revolution. In the third revolution, the industry seeks to reduce the role of operators. While in the fourth revolution, the industry seeks to reduce the role of managers. In reality, Indonesia is still only reaching the second revolution.
Many of the challenges facing Indonesia to catch up to Industry 4.0, namely flexibility, batch-based production, short product life time in a time when a product easily change specifications. In addition there are technical issues, capacity both in terms of space and time, investment funds, and the most difficult is the behavior of human resources.
Prof. Chou added industrial conditions in Taiwan. This 4.0 industry is still a visionary idea that until now still shaped the frame of thought and design plans. No one has set Industry 4.0 yet, whether it’s its own inventor country, Germany. But this planning must be done immediately to anticipate the industrial revolution.
Session 3 – “Optimizing Indonesia Industry toward Industry 4.0”
In session three, the speaker was from the Director General of Metal, Machinery, Transportation and Electronics Industry, Ministry of Industry, I Gusti Putu Suryawirawan. Putu revealed that the background of the Industry 4.0 revolution is the era of digitalization where everything is easily accessible by using a smartphone.
Prerequisites for the growth of Industry 4.0 is the availability of energy with low prices, good Internet network infrastructure, logistics infrastructure, and no less important is the industry policy, especially related to employment. The biggest challenge is the industry policy. It is very difficult to change the policy because it concerns the interests of many people and many are still not ready to face policy changes.
The government’s own role is to prepare the development of industrial resources, industrial facilities and infrastructure, industrial empowerment, and industrial safeguards and rescue actions. This will be the master plan of national industry development to achieve the purpose of industrial development.
The second speaker in this third session was Dr. Lucia Diawati, ITB Industrial Engineering lecturer. Lucia explained that “Industry 4.0” is a digital transformation that lets all its processes through the network using cyber physical systems. In this transformation changes the value of the product to the ECO system. It turns the pipeline into a platform. Platforms are business processes that grow value by facilitating exchanges between two or more entities, which can lead to collaboration.
The change of the pipeline to the platform has three keys: transforming resource controls into resource extraction, changing internal optimization to external optimization, and changing consumer value focus to ecosystem value. With these three keys, indicates that the competition is increasingly complex and dynamic, requiring changes in the behavior of workers.
Industry 4.0 is not a myth, it is already near us and getting closer. Adaptation to Industry 4.0 should be at all levels of the economic system: government, enterprise / organization, to individual. Conditions for those with a higher level can be a facilitator or even a barrier to a lower level party. We must strengthen our unique local resources as an invaluable asset to start Industry 4.0 and Industry 4.0 requiring strong requirements in digital and cultural development.
In an event that lasts from 8.30 to 16.00 hours, participants come from various backgrounds; academics, students, practitioners, and regulators respond well to a variety of questions. In the discussion that took place warmly, generally all the optimists looked at “industry 4.0”, of course with careful preparation of all parties concerned.
Source : www.fti.itb.ac.id